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The mainframe computer definition translates as a type of giant computer that is designed to process large amounts of data, such as a large number of records or transactions at the same time. Those kinds of computers are used as centralised business computers in a variety of industries. The mainframe computer is responsible for processing large amounts of data. To input data and display results, several terminals are used simultaneously. When mainframe computers were first developed, they were in the late 1950s, and they have continued to evolve ever since. Mainframe computers are manufactured by IBM and Unisys, which are the world’s leading manufacturers. To summarise, that is the definition of a mainframe computer.

Characteristics of Mainframe Computers

Some of the most common characteristics are as follows:

Parts of a Mainframe Computer’s architecture

The mainframes have two types of processors: the Main processor and the System assistance Processor, also known as SAP. The Main processor is the primary processor, and the SAP is the secondary processor. The SAP processors do not perform any data processing, but rather transfer data from one location to another as quickly as possible.
In each processor, there can be anywhere from 7 to 10 cores, all of which are specifically designed and engineered for “higher throughput.” Each mainframe is capable of supporting up to 160 I/O cards. Aside from that, they have a significant amount of ROM (Solid State Drives) to allow for faster data storage and transmission.

The fact that mainframes have a large number of I/O cards is due to the fact that these cards are designed for redundancy, which means that if one card fails, other cards will take over the work-load of that card until the card is replaced.

What is the purpose of mainframe computers?

Mainframes are used for a variety of reasons, including reliability, redundancy and availability. These are the computers that must be present in order for “zero” downtime to be acceptable.
These computers are reliable and have redundancy, which means that if an I/O card fails for any reason, the workload will automatically be transferred to another I/O card, resulting in “zero” downtime, which is critical for ensuring that transactions are completed properly.
Additionally, if a problem occurs with one of the processor modules, the workload will be transferred to the remaining processor modules.

What is the difference between a mainframe and a supercomputer?

In contrast to the Main-Frames, which are used for fast processing (or “throughput”), Supercomputers are used for number crunching, where they deal with a massive amount of data to predict weather, solve complex mathematical models for computation, and are primarily used in research.

Advantages

Disadvantages

The majority of its applications are commercial in nature, such as transaction processing.
Cannot perform complex calculations or solve complex problems in the same way as a supercomputer.
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